08-23-2013, 12:31 AM
تاریخ عضویت: Aug 2011
محل سکونت: Near the LN2 POT
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How to Upgrade a Processor
As computer technology advances, new software will demand more from your computer, giving you the impression that it is getting slower, taking more time to process events. Luckily, computers can be easily upgraded. Upgrading your CPU (Central Processing Unit) is one of the most beneficial things you can do to make your computer run lag-free. The CPU is a critical component of any computer system so before you decide to upgrade make sure you have read and understood all the steps below. In addition to a new CPU you may also need other additional components (new heat sink, thermal paste) and to upgrade your motherboard BIOS.
Part 1: Identification
Turn off your PC and remove the power cable.
Unscrew your computer's case and remove the cover.
Identify your motherboard, your current processor chip, your RAM memory cards, and your video card.
Find out what kind socket your motherboard has. Do a Google search or ask a computer technician if your current motherboard model supports a newer processor.Find out also if your motherboard is a 32-bit or a 64-bit one. The major sockets are:
- Socket 370: Intel Pentium III, Celeron.
- Socket 462 (socket A): AMD Athlon, Duron, Athlon XP, Athlon XP-M, Athlon MP, Sempron.
- Socket 423: Pentium 4.
- Socket 478: Intel Pentium 4, Celeron, Pentium 4 Extreme Edition.
- Socket 479 (mobile): Intel Pentium M, Celeron M, Core Solo, Core Duo.
- Socket 754: AMD Athlon 64, Sempron, Turion 64.
- Socket 775: Intel Pentium D, Pentium 4, Celeron D, Pentium Extreme Edition, Core 2 Duo, Core 2 Quad.
- Socket 1156: Intel Core i3, Core i5, Core i7.
- Socket 1366: Intel Core i7 (9xx), Xeon.
- Socket 2011: Intel Core i7 (39xx)
- Socket 1155: Intel Core i3, Core i5, Core i7
- Socket 939: AMD 64, Athlon 64 X2, Athlon 64 FX, Sempron, Opteron.
- Socket 940: AMD Athlon 64 FX, Opteron.
- Socket AM2/AM2+: AMD Athlon 64, FX, Opteron, Phenom
- Socket AM3: Sempron 100, Athlon II X2, X3, X4, Phenom II X2, X3, X4, X6.
- Socket AM3+: AMD FX X4, X6, X8
- Socket FM1: AMD Llano APU X2, x3, X4
Part 2: Buying a New Motherboard
If your current motherboard does support the new processor you want, buy the new processor at a computer hardware store of your choice. If not, go to Part 2.
Part 3: Replacing the Processor (Desktop Units)
Choose a motherboard that satisfies your criteria (which may depend on cost, technical specifications, or compatibility with your old hardware).
If compatibility exists with all the old hardware, jump to Part 3.
Investigate the compatibility of your video card and RAM memory.
If there is no compatibility with the video card or the new motherboard does not have a integrated video card on the motherboard, buy a new compatible video card.
If the new motherboard does not support the old RAM memory, buy new compatible RAM memory cards.
Jump to Part 4.
Socket 479 and other mobile sockets
Take out your old CPU. Open up your case, unclip the Heatsink off the retaining board, and pull the the heatsink off. Some heatsinks require a screwdriver or other proprietary tool to remove (Zalman is notorious for this).
Open the lever on the side of the socket. Do this by pulling it out, and then pulling it up. Gently lift your old CPU off of the socket.
Take the new CPU out of the box. Line up the gold triangle on the CPU with the one on the socket, and gently let the CPU fall in place. Do not force the CPU. If it is lined up correctly, it will drop right into place.
Close the ZIF (zero insertion force) lever to lock the CPU. Take the included heatsink and clip it on using the instructions. If your heatsink doesn't have thermal paste or pads on it yet, apply a very thin layer of it. The thermal paste acts as a conductor, transferring the heat from the processor chip to the heat sink. If the heatsink includes a fan, plug it into its proper connector. Do not operate a CPU without thermal transfer material or a heatsink in place.
Jump to Part 5.
Part 4: Replacing the Motherboard
If there is a screw, unscrew it off the socket. Now pull the CPU out.
Push the new CPU in, lining it up like before.
It will either be pushed in and held by force or a spring mechanism, or screwed in place.
Once you have the CPU, it may or may not need a heatsink. Look at your CPU manual.
Power up and enjoy your upgraded computer!
Part 5: Reassembling the Computer
Label each cable that is connected to the old motherboard and take note of the place where the cable comes from. Some small cables have a name written beside the port where it connects to the motherboard. This is usually very small. For example, it may read "FAN1" if it is a fan's power cable.
Remove all the cards connected to the motherboard.
Remove all cables connected to the motherboard.
Remove the old processor with extreme care and store it in a static-free environment (plastic bags for this purpose are sold at Radio Shack).
Unscrew and remove the old motherboard.
Replace the motherboard.
Replace the motherboard's screws.
Insert the new processor.
Make sure your new processor is correctly placed and fastened to the motherboard.
Rewire the motherboard.
Re-card your motherboard (all of the cards go in the place they fit in).
Go to Part 5.
Put the PC's cover back on.
Replace the screws in the case.
Rewire and reconnect the power cord, keyboard, mouse, monitor, and other connections.
Boot your computer and check to see if you messed up anything. if you didn't, congrats. If you did, better ask someone else to do it.
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